P R E F A C E        中 文
  
    Ever since the ancient time, Pescadores(
known as Penghu in Chinese)had always
been the place to pass by on the way to
Taiwan.Pescadores therefore inheritated
the custom of the coastal residents of
mainland China.According to the Chinese
history,the development in Pescadores was
earlier than Taiwan. Recently some
archeologists even suggested that Pescadores was probably the transit
port of the ancient trading road on the sea.This possibility could be
supported by the large quantity of fragments of the bowls, plates, or
urns belonging to the Sung, Yuan, Ming and Ching Dynasty, which I
found in the seashore.

 In Ching Dynasty, the provinces along the coast had ever experienced
the serious famine. Taiwan, on the other hand, was abundant in natural
resources and produced especially large quantity of rice and sugar. The
abundance in Taiwan had attracted the large-scale immigration tide.
Pescadores therefore became the first place for our ancestors to stop
by on their way to Taiwan, seeking for prosperity. During the process
of immigration, Pescadores also became the initial place to get in touch
with the culture and custom of our ancestors.

 Later during the period of the Japanese administration, owing to the
Japanese policy of the Tenno of Dai Nippon(皇民化政策), most of the
historical objects and idol statues in Taiwan Island were destroyed,
Pescadores, however, apart by the sea, fortunately escaped from the
disaster. Besides its own production of wenstones(文石) and fishing,
there were no other highly developed industries in Pescadores.The above
mentioned properties and the modesty and unadorned characteristics of
the local residents made the Pescadores Islands became the county with
abundant cultural resources.

 The economic take-off in 60's had attracted the local residents of
Pescadores moving to Taiwan Island for setting up their own career. As
a result, some objects which were not easy to carry, such ass idol statues
, furnitures, bowls and plates, stone implements, etc., were remained in
Pescadores. I am a native of Pescadores and passionately love our local
culture and historical objects. Therefore, regardless of difficulties and
being fortunate to meet the right time, I establish the first private
folklore museum throughout the nation,which becomes a dazzling
treasure in the Pescadores Islands.

 The Chuangs'Folklore museum contains thousands of cultural objects
in a wide variety and classification.Through the constant adjustment
and categorization; also under the instruction of two experts, Mr.
Kuo-ning Chen and uncle Chuang,who we invited from the culture center
;moreover by making a reference to the appendix of the management of
museum"The Reference Catalogue of the Taiwanese Folklore Objects,
Instance 2"(台灣名俗文物參考目錄舉例二) edited by Sung-shan wang,
we finally made up the catalogue with illustration. Naturally the
collection for more that forty years couldn't be fully summarized by
only one illustrative catalogue.Therefore, owing to the limits of pages
,some precious objects were not included in the catalogue. For example,
owing to the difficulty to move for photography, some huge objects were
not included in, such as the unique and whole skeleton of the dolphin
throughout the world, the cane carved out of a tree trunk, the sedan
chair refinedly sculptured.Furthermore, only few of the idols, which
summed up to be more than a thousand, could be include. Besides,
among four large baskets of the precious puppets, stage properties, and
also hundreds of the exquisite embroideries, only some of them listed.
Therefore, it is unavoidable to have something being omitted. For this
reason, I consider to write more about these objects separately in the
future.

 Owing to the length of pages, only the matters with historical value
or some particular objects were accounted briefly in the illustrative
catalogue.Therefore,only few words were accounted for the objects
which could be perceived at a glance. We hope you enjoy your seeing
here. If there is something being neglected or omitted, please don't
hesitate to present herewith for our correction. At the mean time, I
would like to take this opportunity to express my sincere appreciation
to my dear friend, Mr. Teng-chang Chuang, who contributed the land
and houses and therefore urged the establishment of this folklore
museum.

Manager of the Chuangs' Folklore Museum  Cheng-I Chuang
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